Latest News Bulletins
Caroline Bald and Ryme N' Reason win Marshall & Sterling Children's Hunter Classic
Beyond Ponies would like to congratulate riders Caroline Bald and Elise Lesko on each of their Reserve Champions at the Vermont Summer Festival. Congratulations also goes out to Caroline Bald and her pony, Rhyme N' Reason on winning the Marshall & Sterling Children's Hunter Classic, week 5 at the Vermont Summer Festival, where they competed against 35 other talented horses and ponies for the win!
Marshall & Sterling Classic winners, Caroline Bald and Rhyme N' Reason pictured with trainer, Sabreina Jesseman of Beyond Ponies.
Elise Lesko and Britlynn's worth the Wait, Reserve Champions in Maiden Equitation
Congratulations to all who participated at the VT Summer Festival
Local Show Jumper Gets the Untold Stories from Our Olympic Icons
by Louisa Amirault, EquineSite.com
How much do we know about our favorite show jumpers? We may know the number of medals they’ve won, the years they’ve competed and the ages of their famous equine partners, but these equestrian heroes are more than just stats. In the soon to be released book, Unbridled Passion author Jeff Papows gives riders a look into the private lives and moments of some of the most famous Olympic show jumpers and their horses. A dedicated amateur owner jumper rider himself, Jeff gives the most intimate and uplifting stories that show the true nature of the equestrian friends he has made in his years on the circuit. He shares his personal experiences with the greats such as Ian Millar and Big Ben, Margie Engle and Perin, Beezie Madden and Authentic, Chis Kappler and Royal Kaliber and many more, but it is the story of McLain Ward and Sapphire that will probably make equestrians run out to buy the book.
“There is nobody in the sport who I trust more than Jeff Papows to tell Sapphire’s real story”, McLain Ward, Two Time Olympic Gold Medalist, US 2004, 2008.
Jeff Papows, a resident of Gloucester, Ma has also published two other books: Glitch –The Hidden Impact of Faulty Software, and Enterprise.com Market Leadership in the Information Age. Though he is a prominent figure in the world of technology, this time he is writing about his passion for the horse and the sport that he feels is so highly under-rated.
“Show jumping is perhaps one of the hardest Olympic disciplines for folks outside the sport to comprehend,” says Jeff.
His love of the horse and his desire to let the world understand the “heart” of the sports is what motivated Jeff to write this book. The things these riders have had to overcome in their personal and professional lives, the amazing events, the bonds they have with their horses and even the camaraderie between the riders are things Jeff says the world just doesn’t get to hear about.
Jeff Papows is also the Chairman of the Fidelity Investments Jumper Classic, currently held at Silver Oak Equestrian Center in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. Show jumping fans can pre-order at www.unbridlepassion.net and then bring their copy to the Jumper Classic on Thursday, September 15th for the Meet & Greet at 4:30 p.m. where riders like McLain Ward, Ian Millar and Kevin Babbington, Peter Leone, Norman Dello Joio and Leslie Howard will be on hand to autograph books. As an added bonus, anyone who pre-orders will also get two complimentary general admission tickets to Fidelity Investments Grand Prix on Sunday, September 18, 2011.
Unbridled Passion is published by Acanthus Publishing and contains images by Gretchen Almy, Tony De Costa and other great photographers.
For more information visit www.unbridledpassion.net.
Pipestave Stadium Jumping Practice Cross Country Practice FIRST ANNUAL Pipestave Derby Cross!
Sunday August 7, 2011
Pipestave Stadium Jumping Practice
Cross Country Practice
FIRST ANNUAL Pipestave Derby Cross!
Participate in one or all activities
Pipestave Hill Equestrian Area, West Newbury, MA
This event is limited to 30 horse/rider combinations.
Pre-registration is required!
Pre-registration opens July 18 and closes August 4, 2011
Visit www.WNRDC.com for entry form & Rules.
Stadium Jumping Practice, 8 – 11 AM: This is an opportunity for horses and riders to practice over the stadium obstacles used in the Pipestave Hill Horse Trials stadium phase*. Come and tune up over interesting courses for the fall season, or bring a green horse to school away from home. Riders pay a flat fee of $30 to jump up to six (6) rounds at heights from crossrails/18" up to 2'11”. Riders may jump at one height or several heights as they wish. First round at 8 AM at crossrails/18”. Rounds are not scored, judged or timed.
Cross Country Practice, 8 – 11 AM: This is an opportunity for horses and riders to practice over a flagged course of 10-12 natural obstacles used in the Pipestave Hill Horse Trials. Unjudged. Fence stewards will be positioned at some obstacles for safety. $20 per horse/rider combination to school two rounds. Jumps are 2 feet or many with a high option of max 2’7”. Jump whichever height you please.
Escort: Adult/trainer riding escort at reduced rate for juniors/beginners. $10 & signed entry form required.
Pipestave Derby Cross: 11:15 AM
Now that you have practiced, test your skills in a Derby Cross course of natural obstacles and stadium jumps! One at a time, entrants will jump a posted course of 20-22 obstacles, starting on the cross country course and continuing directly into the Stadium ring. 8-10 natural obstacles lead directly (no stopping) into a Stadium course of 8-10 efforts at 2’ to max 2’3”.
Scoring: Cross Country section, penalties assessed for refusals. Stadium Section, penalties assessed for knockdowns, refusals. Both sections, fall of horse or rider causes elimination. Off Course causes elimination. Third refusal at same obstacle is elimination. Fourth refusal in the entire course is elimination. Ties: After all Competitors have gone, any Ties will be broken by a timed jump-off in the Stadium portion over a shortened course.
Ribbons to 8th place. If sufficient entries, will divide by age (Junior-Senior-Masters) or horse/pony or other creative method, to be announced prior to the start of the class.
Entry Fee $10 with any Practice entry, or $45 for Derby Cross Only (includes one XC warm up and one Stadium warm up)
11:15 AM (no earlier): Pipestave Derby Cross Class
Hope to see you here!
WNRDC Volunteers, your Volunteer Discount Card is valid for $10 off your entry fees!
(NH) Recreational Trail Program in Jeopardy
Recreational Trail Program in Jeopardy- Equine Land Conservation Resource.
.by New Hampshire Horse Council on Thursday, July 28, 2011 at 2:56pm.There is an urgent issue that needs your attention having to do with federal recreational trail spending. The Recreational Trail Program (RTP) - the primary source of trail funding in this country - is in great jeopardy.Horsemen should contact their federal legislators immediately to help preserve funding for recreational trails. If we do not act, many trails will be closed and there will be little in the way of new trail construction or federal funds for maintenance (which will lead to more closures). RTP is a program of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), providing funds to the states to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail-related facilities for both motorized and non-motorized recreational trail uses. Please contact your legislator TODAY and let them know how important the RTP program and equestrian trails are to you
Rhodococcus Equi Pneumonia
One of the most common causes of pneumonia in foals 3weeks-5 months of age, R equi also poses significant economic consequences due to mortality, prolonged treatment, surveillance programs for early detection, and relatively expensive prophylactic strategies. Foals are most often infected within the first few days of life, however clinical signs don’t usually develop until foals are 30-60 days old. Clinical disease is rare in horses over 8months old. R equi is also an opportunistic zoonotic risk to immunosuppressed people.
R equi is a gram-positive, facultative intracellular pathogen that is nearly ubiquitous in soil worldwide, regardless of whether the soil is inhabited by horses. R equi can also be cultured from the air. It has also been found that the odds of culturing R equi from the air in stables was 17 times more likely than culturing R equi from the air in paddocks. The stables were also found to contain significantly more R equi than the paddocks. However, between different farms clinical disease may be devastating to sporadic to nonexistent. High temperatures and sandy or dusty soil facilitates multiplication and dissemination of R equi. The major portal for pneumonic infection is inhalation. The mucocilliary escalator brings mucous containing R equi to the pharynx where it is coughed out and aerosolized or swallowed where it can then readily replicate in the intestinal tract of the foal. R equi is then shed in the feces from infected foals, which is the major source of pathogenic strains. R equi infects and replicates cells of monocyte-macrophage lineage. Once phagocytized by the cell, R equi decreases or inhibits fusion of the phagosome with the lysosome and by preventing phagolysosome formation, R equi is able to avoid degradation within the macrophage. Certain strains of R equi contain virulence plasmids which are responsible for their ability to prevent phagolysosome formation and induce clinical disease.
R equi infection is slowly progressive with subacute to chronic clinical manifestations, the insidious onset of clinical signs makes early detection difficult. Pulmonary lesions are a relatively consistent finding and most commonly consist of chronic suppurative bronchopneumonia, abscessation, and suppurative lymphadenitis. At the onset of clinical signs, most foals are lethargic, febrile, have an increased respiratory rate and effort, variable coughing, and less commonly, purulent nasal discharge. Crackles and wheezes with an asymmetric or regional distribution are often heard on thoracic auscultation. One may also note a regional lack of lung sounds with dull resonance upon percussion due to lung consolidation.
R equi also affects various other body systems aside from the lungs, such expressions are known as extra-pulmonary disease (EPD) manifestations. Intestinal lesions are present in approximately 50% of foals, however the majority of foals with R equi pneumonia don’t exhibit clinical signs of intestinal disease. The hallmarks for the intestinal form of R equi infection are multifocal enterocolitis (inflammation in the small intestine and colon) and typhlitis (inflammation of the cecum) in the vicinity of Peyer’s patches (lymph nodes), with granulomatous or suppurative lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes) of the mesenteric or colonic lymph nodes. Fever, depression, anorexia, weight loss, colic, and diarrhea may be seen with the intestinal form.
Foals with abdominal involvement often present with fever, depression, anorexia, weight loss, colic, and diarrhea. The prognosis for foals with abdominal forms of R equi is less favorable than for those with pulmonary disease. Septic physitis (infection in the growth plates of bones) and osteomyelitis (bone infections) are present in approximately one third of R equi infections, most commonly affecting the tibiotarsal (hock) and stifle joints. The amount of joint effusion is variable and foals are often not apparently lame and may only exhibit a stiff gait. Cytology of the synovial fluid is often aseptic and only reveals inflammation. It is hypothesized that the synovitis is often septic in origin and that the infection is rapidly cleared, resulting in a nonseptic inflammation at the time of diagnosis. Vertebral osteomyelitis may result in pathologic vertebral fracture and spinal cord compression. Severe generalized eye infections, guttural pouch empyema, sinusitis, pericarditis, kidney infections, along with liver, kidney, and brain abscessation are rare manifestations of R equi infection.
Since there are many diagnostic tests such as complete blood count (CBC), measurement of fibrinogen concentrations, ultrasonography, radiographs, serology, cytology, culture, and PCR; it should be no surprise that no single test has high specificity and sensitivity. Blood work may reveal nonspecific signs of infection and inflammation such as high white blood cell counts (WBC) and high fibrinogen levels, however their ranges vary widely and they should not serve as diagnostic or prognostic indicators. Thoracic radiographs are useful to evaluate pneumonia severity and response to treatment. Radiographs often reveal an alveolar pattern with areas of consolidation and abscessation. Nodular lung lesions and enlarged lymph nodes in foals under 4 months old is highly suggestive of R equi. However, S. zooepidemicus is another common cause of pneumonia in foals over 4months old.
Thoracic ultrasound is a particularly useful screening tool for the early detection of R equi infection. R equi lends itself to ultrasonographic detection because the majority of pulmonary lesions are located at the periphery of the lungs. If they were centrally located (under areas of air-filled lung) the lesions would go undetected by ultrasound because sound waves cannot penetrate air in the lung. Ultrasound machines today are much smaller and more convenient than radiographic equipment making it much more feasible to examine foals more often in order to detect subclinical cases. It is recommended that foals on endemic farms are scanned every 2 wks. Serologic (blood test) diagnosis is of little use because maternal antibodies and exposure of foals to R equi at early ages causing antibody production regardless of clinical disease will both lead to false positives. Bacterial culture or PCR of transtracheal wash samples combined with cytology is required for definitive diagnosis, however cultures have poor sensitivity and PCR is too sensitive (ie false positive tests).
Despite R equi being sensitive to a variety of antimicrobials, few are actually effective treatment options. Since R equi is a facultative intracellular pathogen of macrophages it causes granulomatous lesions with thick purulent (caseous) material precluding access to most antibiotics. For this reason macrolides and rifampin are the treatments of choice because they are fat soluble which allows them to penetrate cell membranes and caseous material and they work together which allows lower doses and decreases the likelihood of developing resistance.
Currently there are 3 hallmarks to decrease R equi infections: decreased exposure to the organism, improved screening to allow early detection and therapy for clinical cases, and enhanced passive immunity. Some ways to decrease exposure to the pathogen include dampening dusty areas either by using sprinkler systems or calcium chloride granules, removing feces and preventing the dessication and dissemination of R equi. Although thoracic radiographs are a useful screening tool, the ease and mobility of thoracic ultrasound allows this imaging modality to be much more practical. It is also a sensitive screening tool since the majority of pulmonary lesions are on the surface of the lungs. It has been found that screening foals every 2 wks with thoracic ultrasound allowed early detection of pneumonia caused by R equi, and treating these subclinical foals reduced the incidence of clinical disease and hospitalization. Ways to increase passive immunity include ensuring consumption of an adequate amount of quality colostrum, or intravenous administration of R equi hyperimmune plasma giving the foals antibodies to fight the organism before it can cause an infection.
If you have any questions or concerns regarding Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in foals please consult with your veterinarian or the veterinarians at New England Equine Medical & Surgical Center.
Chad McGee, VMD
Jacqueline Bartol, DVM, DACVIM
- . Web. 13 July 2010. <http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/121307.htm&word=rhodococcus>. >
- J.L. McCracken: Use of Thoracic Ultrasound for the Prevention of Rhodococcus equi Pneumonia on Endemic Farms, Am Assoc Equine Practitioners Vol 55, 2009
- M.K. Chaffin, et al: Chemoprophylactic Effects of Gallium Maltolate Against Rhodococcus equi Pneumonia Among Foals at Endemic Equine Breeding Farms, Am Assoc Equine Practitioners Vol 55, 2009
- C.A. Ryan, S. Giguere: Treatment of Neonatal Foals With Immunostimulants Enhances Phagocytic Cell Activity Against Ex Vivo Infection With Rhodococcus equi, Am Assoc Equine Practitioners Vol 54, 2008
- S.M. Reuss, et al: Extrapulmonary Disorders Associated With Rhodococcus equi Infection in Foals: A Retrospective Study of 150 Cases (1987–2007) , Am Assoc Equine Practitioners Vol 54, 2008
- Smith, Bradford P. Large Animal Internal Medicine. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Print.